Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Oral Dis. 2015 Nov;21(8):987-93. doi: 10.1111/odi.12374. Epub 2015 Oct 24.

Diagnostic profiling of salivary exosomal microRNAs in oral lichen planus patients.

Author information

1
Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, IHBR, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea.
2
Department of Oral Microbiology and Immunology, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea.
3
Brain Science and Engineering Institute, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Oral lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory oral mucosal disease whose exact cause is unclear and which requires efficient diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. Identification of disease-specific biomarkers in saliva is an easy, quick, and non-invasive approach for molecular diagnosis. This study was designed to examine salivary exosomal microRNAs (miRNAs) that could be candidates for diagnosing and elucidating the pathogenesis of oral lichen planus.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

We compared miRNA profiles of salivary exosomes of patients with oral lichen planus with those of healthy controls. Saliva samples from 16 patients with oral lichen planus and eight healthy controls were divided into two sets and examined using miRNA microarray analysis and TaqMan quantitative PCR.

RESULTS:

The three miRNAs identified (miR-4484, miR-1246, and miR-1290) were further validated. Of these, miR-4484 was significantly upregulated in the salivary exosomes of patients with oral lichen planus.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study thus identifies a potential miRNA biomarker for oral lichen planus and provides insight into the functions of miRNAs in the pathogenesis of oral inflammatory diseases.

KEYWORDS:

MiRNA; biomarker; exosome; oral lichen planus; saliva

PMID:
26389700
DOI:
10.1111/odi.12374
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center