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J Pathol. 2016 Jan;238(2):300-10. doi: 10.1002/path.4641. Epub 2015 Nov 13.

Animal modelling for inherited central vision loss.

Author information

1
Unit of Gene Therapy and Stem Cell Biology, Jules-Gonin Eye Hospital, Fondation Asile des Aveugles, University of Lausanne, Switzerland.

Abstract

Disease-causing variants of a large number of genes trigger inherited retinal degeneration leading to photoreceptor loss. Because cones are essential for daylight and central vision such as reading, mobility, and face recognition, this review focuses on a variety of animal models for cone diseases. The pertinence of using these models to reveal genotype/phenotype correlations and to evaluate new therapeutic strategies is discussed. Interestingly, several large animal models recapitulate human diseases and can serve as a strong base from which to study the biology of disease and to assess the scale-up of new therapies. Examples of innovative approaches will be presented such as lentiviral-based transgenesis in pigs and adeno-associated virus (AAV)-gene transfer into the monkey eye to investigate the neural circuitry plasticity of the visual system. The models reported herein permit the exploration of common mechanisms that exist between different species and the identification and highlighting of pathways that may be specific to primates, including humans.

KEYWORDS:

blindness; cones; fovea; macula; retinal degeneration

PMID:
26387748
PMCID:
PMC5063185
DOI:
10.1002/path.4641
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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