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Man Ther. 2016 Feb;21:18-34. doi: 10.1016/j.math.2015.08.011. Epub 2015 Aug 29.

The effectiveness of soft-tissue therapy for the management of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries of the upper and lower extremities: A systematic review by the Ontario Protocol for Traffic Injury management (OPTIMa) collaboration.

Author information

1
Department of Graduate Studies, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), 6100 Leslie St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M2H 3J1.
2
UOIT-CMCC Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) and Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), 6100 Leslie St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M2H 3J1; Division of Graduate Education and Research, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), 6100 Leslie St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M2H 3J1. Electronic address: heather.shearer@uoit.ca.
3
Canada Research Chair in Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), 2000 Simcoe Street North, Oshawa, Ontario, Canada L1H 7K4; Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), 2000 Simcoe Street North, Oshawa, Ontario, Canada L1H 7K4; UOIT-CMCC Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, 6100 Leslie St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M2H 3J1.
4
UOIT-CMCC Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) and Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), 6100 Leslie St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M2H 3J1; Division of Undergraduate Education, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, 6100 Leslie St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M2H 3J1.
5
UOIT-CMCC Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) and Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), 6100 Leslie St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M2H 3J1; Division of Graduate Education and Research, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), 6100 Leslie St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M2H 3J1.
6
UOIT-CMCC Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) and Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), 6100 Leslie St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M2H 3J1; Division of Graduate Education and Research, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), 6100 Leslie St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M2H 3J1; Division of Undergraduate Education, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, 6100 Leslie St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M2H 3J1.
7
Division of Graduate Education and Research, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), 6100 Leslie St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M2H 3J1; UOIT-CMCC Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, 6100 Leslie St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M2H 3J1.
8
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Occupational and Industrial Orthopedic Center, NYU School of Medicine, New York University, 63 Downing Street, New York, NY 10014, USA; Department of Environmental Medicine, Occupational and Industrial Orthopedic Center, NYU School of Medicine, New York University, 63 Downing Street, New York, NY 10014, USA.
9
Division of Graduate Education and Research, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), 6100 Leslie St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M2H 3J1; Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), 2000 Simcoe Street North, Oshawa, Ontario, Canada L1H 7K4.
10
Toronto Health Economics and Technology Assessment (THETA) Collaborative, Leslie Dan Pharmacy Building, University of Toronto, 6th Floor, Room 658, 144 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3M2; Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto, Leslie Dan Pharmacy Building, University of Toronto, 144 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3M2; Institute for Work and Health, 481 University Ave., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2E9.
11
UOIT-CMCC Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) and Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC), 6100 Leslie St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M2H 3J1.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Soft-tissue therapy is commonly used to manage musculoskeletal injuries.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the effectiveness of soft-tissue therapy for the management of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries of the upper and lower extremities.

DESIGN:

Systematic Review.

METHODS:

We searched six databases from 1990 to 2015 and critically appraised eligible articles using Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) criteria. Evidence from studies with low risk of bias was synthesized using best-evidence synthesis methodology.

RESULTS:

We screened 9869 articles and critically appraised seven; six had low risk of bias. Localized relaxation massage provides added benefits to multimodal care immediately post-intervention for carpal tunnel syndrome. Movement re-education (contraction/passive stretching) provides better long-term benefit than one corticosteroid injection for lateral epicondylitis. Myofascial release improves outcomes compared to sham ultrasound for lateral epicondylitis. Diacutaneous fibrolysis (DF) or sham DF leads to similar outcomes in pain intensity for subacromial impingement syndrome. Trigger point therapy may provide limited or no additional benefit when combined with self-stretching for plantar fasciitis; however, myofascial release to the gastrocnemius, soleus and plantar fascia is effective.

CONCLUSION:

Our review clarifies the role of soft-tissue therapy for the management of upper and lower extremity musculoskeletal disorders and injuries. Myofascial release therapy was effective for treating lateral epicondylitis and plantar fasciitis. Movement re-education was also effective for managing lateral epicondylitis. Localized relaxation massage combined with multimodal care may provide short-term benefit for treating carpal tunnel syndrome. More high quality research is needed to study the appropriateness and comparative effectiveness of this widely utilized form of treatment.

KEYWORDS:

Massage; Musculoskeletal injuries; Soft-tissue therapy; Systematic review

PMID:
26386912
DOI:
10.1016/j.math.2015.08.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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