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Prev Med. 2015 Dec;81:216-20. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.09.006. Epub 2015 Sep 16.

Adopting and maintaining physical activity behaviours in people with severe mental illness: The importance of autonomous motivation.

Author information

1
UPC KU Leuven, Campus Kortenberg, University of Leuven, Department of Neurosciences, Kortenberg, Belgium; University of Leuven, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address: davy.vancampfort@uc-kortenberg.be.
2
Physiotherapy Department, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AZ, United Kingdom; Health Service and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, De Crespigny Park, London Box SE5 8AF, United Kingdom.
3
Institute of Mental Health, Singapore, Singapore.
4
UPC KU Leuven, Campus Kortenberg, University of Leuven, Department of Neurosciences, Kortenberg, Belgium; University of Leuven, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Leuven, Belgium.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Physical activity can improve the health of people with serious mental illness (SMI) but many are inactive. Adopting theoretically-based research considering the motivational processes linked to the adoption and maintenance of an active lifestyle between different diagnostic groups of people with SMI can assist in understanding physical activity in this group. Within the Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and the Trans-Theoretical Model (TTM) (stages of change) frameworks, we investigated differences in motives for physical activity between different diagnostic groups.

METHODS:

All participants completed the Behavioral Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire 2 (BREQ-2), the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and the Patient-centered Assessment and Counseling for Exercise (PACE) questionnaire.

RESULTS:

Overall 294 persons with SMI (190♀) (43.6 ± 13.6 years) agreed to participate. People with affective disorders had higher levels of introjected regulations than people with schizophrenia. No significant differences were found for other motivational regulations. Moreover, no significant differences were found according to gender, setting and educational level. Multivariate analyses showed significantly higher levels of amotivation and external regulations and lower levels of identified and intrinsic regulations in the earlier stages of change. Strongest correlations with the IPAQ were found for motivational regulations towards walking.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results suggest that in all people with SMI the level of identified and intrinsic motivation may play an important role in the adoption and maintenance of health promoting behaviours. The study provides a platform for future research to investigate the relationships between autonomy support, motivational regulations and physical and mental health variables within lifestyle interventions for this population.

KEYWORDS:

Bipolar disorder; Depression; Exercise; Motivation; Physical activity; Schizophrenia

PMID:
26386141
DOI:
10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.09.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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