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Protein J. 2015 Oct;34(5):349-58. doi: 10.1007/s10930-015-9629-7.

The neuroprotective role of ferrostatin-1 under rotenone-induced oxidative stress in dopaminergic neuroblastoma cells.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, The University of Texas at El Paso, 500 W. University Ave., El Paso, TX, 79968, USA.
2
Department of Biological Sciences, Border Biomedical Research Center, The University of Texas at El Paso, 500 W. University Ave., El Paso, TX, 79968, USA.
3
Department of Chemistry, The University of Texas at El Paso, 500 W. University Ave., El Paso, TX, 79968, USA. mnarayan@utep.edu.
4
Department of Chemistry, The University of Texas at El Paso, 500 W. University Ave., El Paso, TX, 79968, USA. rskouta@utep.edu.

Abstract

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) proteins including protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) are playing crucial roles in maintaining appropriate protein folding. Under nitrosative stress, an excess of nitric oxide (NO) radical species induced the S-nitrosylation of PDI cysteines which eliminate its isomerase and oxidoreductase capabilities. In addition, the S-nitrosylation-PDI complex is the cause of aggregation especially of the α-synuclein (α-syn) protein (accumulation of Lewy-body aggregates). We recently identified a potent antioxidant small molecule, Ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1), that was able to inhibit a non-apoptotic cell death named ferroptosis. Ferroptosis cell death involved the generation of oxidative stress particularly lipid peroxide. In this work, we reported the neuroprotective role of ferrostatin-1 under rotenone-induced oxidative stress in dopaminergic neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). We first synthesized the Fer-1 and confirmed that it is not toxic toward the SH-SY5Y cells at concentrations up to 12.5 μM. Second, we showed that Fer-1 compound quenched the commercially available stable radical, the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), in non-cellular assay at 82 %. Third, Fer-1 inhibited the ROS/RNS generated under rotenone insult in SH-SY5Y cells. Fourth, we revealed the effective role of Fer-1 in ER stress mediated activation of apoptotic pathway. Finally, we reported that Fer-1 mitigated rotenone-induced α-syn aggregation.

KEYWORDS:

Apoptosis; Endoplasmic reticulum stress; Ferrostatin-1; Inducible nitric oxide synthase; Oxidative stress; Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI); Rotenone; SH-SY5Y dopaminergic neuroblastoma cells; α-synuclein

PMID:
26385697
DOI:
10.1007/s10930-015-9629-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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