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J Colloid Interface Sci. 2015 Dec 15;460:349-60. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2015.08.050. Epub 2015 Aug 24.

Adsorption behavior and mechanisms of ciprofloxacin from aqueous solution by ordered mesoporous carbon and bamboo-based carbon.

Author information

1
School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, East China Jiaotong University, Jiangxi 330013, China. Electronic address: pengxiaoming70@gmail.com.
2
School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, East China Jiaotong University, Jiangxi 330013, China.
3
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Sai Kung, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; Department of Chemical Engineering, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 3200003, Israel. Electronic address: kefrank@ust.hk.
4
School of Civil Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China.

Abstract

The performances of ordered mesoporous carbon CMK-3 (OMC), bamboo-based carbon (BC), and these two kinds of adsorbents modified by thermal treatment in the ammonia atmosphere at high temperatures were evaluated for the removal fluoroquinolone antibiotic (ciprofloxacin) from aqueous solution. The adsorption behavior of ciprofloxacin (CIP) onto OMC and BC including adsorption isotherms and kinetics were investigated. The effect of various factors (pH, ionic strength and temperature) on the adsorption process was also investigated. The results demonstrated that the modified OMC and BC can further enhance the adsorption capacity due to introduce of alkaline nitrogen functionalities on the carbon surface. And their maximum adsorption capacity reached as high as 233.37mgg(-1) and 362.94mgg(-1) under the same experimental conditions, respectively. This is primarily ascribed to the positive effect of the surface basicity. The highest sorption was observed at the lowest solubility, which indicated that hydrophobic interaction was the dominant sorption mechanism for CIP uptake onto the four adsorbents. The adsorption data of antibiotics was analyzed by Langmuir and Freundlich model, and the better correlation was achieved by the Langmuir isotherm. The kinetic data showed that the adsorption of CIP onto OMC and BC follow closely the pseudo-second order model. The removal efficiency and adsorption capacity increased with increasing temperature. The results of thermodynamic study indicated that the adsorption process was a spontaneous and endothermic.

KEYWORDS:

Adsorption; Bamboo-based carbon; Ciprofloxacin; Nitrogen-containing functional groups; Ordered mesoporous carbon

PMID:
26385593
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcis.2015.08.050

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