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Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2016 Feb;45(2):205-15. doi: 10.1016/j.ijom.2015.08.996. Epub 2015 Sep 15.

Success of dental implants in smokers and non-smokers: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Fluminense Federal University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address: vittoriomf@terra.com.br.
2
Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Fluminense Federal University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Abstract

The purpose of this review was to test the null hypothesis of no difference in marginal bone loss and implant failure rates between smokers and non-smokers with respect to the follow-up period. An extensive electronic search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to identify relevant articles published up to February 2015. The eligibility criteria included randomized and non-randomized clinical studies. After an exhaustive selection process, 15 articles were included. The meta-analysis was expressed in terms of the odds ratio (OR) or standardized mean difference (SMD) with a confidence interval (CI) of 95%. There was a statistically significant difference in marginal bone loss favouring the non-smoking group (SMD 0.49, 95% CI 0.07-0.90; P=0.02). An independent analysis revealed an increase in marginal bone loss in the maxilla of smokers, compared to the mandible (SMD 0.40, 95% CI 0.24-0.55; P<0.00001). A statistically significant difference in implant failure in favour of the non-smoking group was also observed (OR 1.96, 95% CI 1.68-2.30; P<0.00001). However, the subgroup analysis for follow-up time revealed no significant increase in implant failure proportional to the increase in follow-up time (P=0.26).

KEYWORDS:

dental implants; implant survival; marginal bone loss; meta-analysis; smoking; tobacco

PMID:
26385308
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijom.2015.08.996
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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