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Lancet. 2016 Mar 19;387(10024):1227-39. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00234-2. Epub 2015 Sep 15.

Suicide and suicidal behaviour.

Author information

1
McGill Group for Suicide Studies, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Montreal, QC, Canada. Electronic address: gustavo.turecki@mcgill.ca.
2
Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Abstract

Suicide is a complex public health problem of global importance. Suicidal behaviour differs between sexes, age groups, geographic regions, and sociopolitical settings, and variably associates with different risk factors, suggesting aetiological heterogeneity. Although there is no effective algorithm to predict suicide in clinical practice, improved recognition and understanding of clinical, psychological, sociological, and biological factors might help the detection of high-risk individuals and assist in treatment selection. Psychotherapeutic, pharmacological, or neuromodulatory treatments of mental disorders can often prevent suicidal behaviour; additionally, regular follow-up of people who attempt suicide by mental health services is key to prevent future suicidal behaviour.

PMID:
26385066
PMCID:
PMC5319859
DOI:
10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00234-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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