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Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2015 Dec;36(12):1444-50. doi: 10.1017/ice.2015.216. Epub 2015 Sep 18.

The Hawthorne Effect in Infection Prevention and Epidemiology.

Author information

1
1Program for Infection Prevention and Epidemiology,Duke University Medical Center,Durham,North Carolina.
2
4Center for Comprehensive Access and Delivery Research and Evaluation,Iowa City Veterans Affairs Health Care System,Iowa City,Iowa.
3
7Department of Organizational Behavior and Strategy,Kenan-Flagler Business School,University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill,Chapel Hill,North Carolina.

Abstract

The Hawthorne Effect is a prevalent observer effect that causes behavioral changes among participants of epidemiological studies or infection control interventions. The purpose of the review is to describe the origins of the Hawthorne Effect, to understand the term in relation to current scientific literature, to describe characteristics of the Hawthorne effect, and to discuss methods to quantify and overcome limitations associated with the Hawthorne Effect.

PMID:
26383964
DOI:
10.1017/ice.2015.216
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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