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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2015 Sep-Oct;53(5):570-7.

[Mental health indicators and their association with smoking in Guadalajara teenagers by sex].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Unidad de Investigación Epidemiológica y en Servicios de Salud del Adolescente (UIESSA), Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México. bertha.nuno@imss.gob.mx.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

BACKGROUND:

To associated mental health factors with tobacco-smoking in the last month in scholastic adolescents.

METHODS:

An analytic transversal study with 1134 students in the first year of senior studies in a government preparatory school. Ten mental health factors were evaluated: self-esteem, impulsiveness, depressive symptoms, suicide ideation, disordered eating, recreation, locus of control, relationship with father, relationship with mother and stress.

RESULTS:

We found mental health factors differences between men and women. In the risk analysis, the factors which associated with tobacco smoking in men were high self-esteem, impulsiveness, age and tobacco-smoking in friends. For the women suicide ideation, impulsiveness disordered eating, age and tobacco-smoking in friends and brothers. After the logistic regression were associated impulsiveness and tobacco-smoking in friends for both, high self-esteem and age for men, and tobacco-smoking in brothers for women.

CONCLUSIONS:

Mental health factors are different for men and women. However, all of them are a reference that tobacco-smoking is associated with the inner world of teens that are meaning differently for men and women.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent; Mental health; Smoking

PMID:
26383806
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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