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Acad Psychiatry. 2016 Feb;40(1):92-6. doi: 10.1007/s40596-015-0413-y. Epub 2015 Sep 17.

Medical Students' Stress, Psychological Morbidity, and Coping Strategies: a Cross-Sectional Study from Pakistan.

Author information

1
King Edward Medical University/Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan. nazishimrandr@gmail.com.
2
King Edward Medical University/Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.
3
Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan.
4
Fatima Memorial College of Medicine and Dentistry, Lahore, Pakistan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The authors studied the prevalence of psychological morbidity, sources and severity of stresses, as well as coping strategies in Pakistani medical students.

METHODS:

Medical students in Lahore, Pakistan, completed a cross-sectional, self-administered questionnaire in 2013 on the sources and severity of various stressors. The General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12) and Brief COPE assessed the psychological morbidity and coping strategies.

RESULTS:

Out of 1500 students, 527 responded to the survey. The prevalence of psychological morbidity was 23.3%; 52.3% respondents showed evidence of distress. By logistic regression analysis, GHQ-12 caseness was associated with being male and occurrence of health-related stressors. The most common stressors were related to academic concerns. Coping strategies showed variation by GHQ-caseness.

CONCLUSION:

The significant psychological morbidity and distress warrants establishing support systems to support students and bringing about evidence-based changes to teaching and evaluation systems. Adequate counseling facilities should be made available and students encouraged to seek help.

KEYWORDS:

Coping; Depression; Medical students; Psychological morbidity

PMID:
26381814
DOI:
10.1007/s40596-015-0413-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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