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Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 Nov;23(11):2251-9. doi: 10.1002/oby.21227. Epub 2015 Sep 18.

Regulation of cardiac miR-208a, an inducer of obesity, by rapamycin and nebivolol.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.
2
Research Service, Harry S Truman Memorial Veterans Affairs Hospital, Columbia, Missouri, USA.
3
Obesity Research Center, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
4
Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA.
5
College of Pharmacy, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA.
6
Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Resistance to obesity is observed in rodents and humans treated with rapamycin (Rap) or nebivolol (Neb). Because cardiac miR-208a promotes obesity, this study tested whether the modes of actions of Rap and Neb involve inhibition of miR-208a.

METHODS:

Mouse cardiomyocyte HL-1 cells and Zucker obese (ZO) rats were used to investigate regulation of cardiac miR-208a.

RESULTS:

Angiotensin II (Ang II) increased miR-208a expression in HL-1 cells. Pretreatment with an AT1 receptor (AT1R) antagonist, losartan (1 μM), antagonized this effect, whereas a phospholipase C inhibitor, U73122 (10 μM), and an NADPH oxidase inhibitor, apocynin (0.5 mM), did not. Ang II-induced increase in miR-208a was suppressed by Rap (10 nM), an inhibitor of nutrient sensor kinase mTORC1, and Neb (1 μM), a 3rd generation β-blocker that suppressed bioavailable AT1R binding of (125) I-Ang II. Thus, suppression of AT1R expression by Neb, inhibition of AT1R activation by losartan, and inhibition of AT1R-induced activation of mTORC1 by Rap attenuated the Ang II-induced increase in miR-208a. In ZO rats, Rap treatment (750 μg kg(-1)  day(-1) ; 12 weeks) reduced obesity despite similar food intake, suppressed cardiac miR-208a, and increased cardiac MED13, a suppresser of obesity.

CONCLUSIONS:

Rap and Neb suppressed cardiac miR-208a. Suppression of miR-208a and increase in MED13 correlated with attenuated weight gain despite leptin resistance.

PMID:
26381051
PMCID:
PMC4633375
DOI:
10.1002/oby.21227
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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