Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nutr Rev. 2015 Oct;73(10):661-74. doi: 10.1093/nutrit/nuv041. Epub 2015 Sep 15.

Effects of intermittent fasting on body composition and clinical health markers in humans.

Author information

1
Correspondence: G.M. Tinsley is with the Department of Health, Human Performance, and Recreation, Baylor University, Waco, Texas, USA. P.M. LaBounty is with the Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Mary Hardin-Baylor, Belton, Texas, USA. grant_tinsley@baylor.edu.
2
Correspondence: G.M. Tinsley is with the Department of Health, Human Performance, and Recreation, Baylor University, Waco, Texas, USA. P.M. LaBounty is with the Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Mary Hardin-Baylor, Belton, Texas, USA.

Abstract

Intermittent fasting is a broad term that encompasses a variety of programs that manipulate the timing of eating occasions by utilizing short-term fasts in order to improve body composition and overall health. This review examines studies conducted on intermittent fasting programs to determine if they are effective at improving body composition and clinical health markers associated with disease. Intermittent fasting protocols can be grouped into alternate-day fasting, whole-day fasting, and time-restricted feeding. Alternate-day fasting trials of 3 to 12 weeks in duration appear to be effective at reducing body weight (≈3%-7%), body fat (≈3-5.5 kg), total cholesterol (≈10%-21%), and triglycerides (≈14%-42%) in normal-weight, overweight, and obese humans. Whole-day fasting trials lasting 12 to 24 weeks also reduce body weight (≈3%-9%) and body fat, and favorably improve blood lipids (≈5%-20% reduction in total cholesterol and ≈17%-50% reduction in triglycerides). Research on time-restricted feeding is limited, and clear conclusions cannot be made at present. Future studies should examine long-term effects of intermittent fasting and the potential synergistic effects of combining intermittent fasting with exercise.

KEYWORDS:

alternate-day fasting; body composition; intermittent fasting; meal frequency; weight loss; whole-day fasting

PMID:
26374764
DOI:
10.1093/nutrit/nuv041
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center