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BMC Public Health. 2015 Sep 15;15:897. doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-2217-0.

The Tobacco Status Project (TSP): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial of a Facebook smoking cessation intervention for young adults.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, 401 Parnassus Avenue, Box TRC 0984, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA. Danielle.Ramo@ucsf.edu.
2
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, 530 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA. Danielle.Ramo@ucsf.edu.
3
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, 530 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA. Johannes.Thrul@ucsf.edu.
4
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, 401 Parnassus Avenue, Box TRC 0984, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA. Kevin.Delucchi@ucsf.edu.
5
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, 530 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA. Pamela.Ling@ucsf.edu.
6
Division of General Internal Medicine, University of California, 1545 Divisadero Street, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA. Pamela.Ling@ucsf.edu.
7
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, 401 Parnassus Avenue, Box TRC 0984, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA. Sharon.Hall@ucsf.edu.
8
Department of Medicine, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University, 1265 Welch Road, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA. Jodi.Prochaska@stanford.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Tobacco use remains the leading cause of premature morbidity and mortality in the United States. Young adults are less successful at quitting, use cessation treatment less often than smokers of other ages, and can be a challenge to retain in treatment. Social media, integrated into the lives of many young adults, represents a promising strategy to deliver evidence-based smoking cessation treatment to a large, diverse audience. The goal of this trial is to test the efficacy of a stage-based smoking cessation intervention on Facebook for young adults age 18 to 25 on smoking abstinence, reduction in cigarettes smoked, and thoughts about smoking abstinence.

METHODS/DESIGN:

This is a randomized controlled trial. Young adult smokers throughout the United States are recruited online and randomized to either the 3 month Tobacco Status Project intervention on Facebook or a referral to a smoking cessation website. The intervention consists of assignment to a secret Facebook group tailored to readiness to quit smoking (precontemplation, contemplation, preparation), daily Facebook contacts tailored to readiness to quit smoking, weekly live counseling sessions, and for those in preparation, weekly Cognitive Behavioral Therapy counseling sessions on Facebook. Primary outcome measure is biochemically-verified 7-day point prevalence abstinence from smoking at posttreatment (3 months), 6, and 12 months. Secondary outcome measures are reduction of 50 % or more in cigarettes smoked, 24 h quit attempts, and commitment to abstinence at each time point. A secondary aim is to test, within the TSP condition, the effect of a monetary incentive at increasing engagement in the intervention.

DISCUSSION:

This randomized controlled trial is testing a novel Facebook intervention for treating young adults' tobacco use. If efficacious, the social media intervention could be disseminated widely and expanded to address additional health risks.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02207036 , May 13, 2014.

PMID:
26374203
PMCID:
PMC4572690
DOI:
10.1186/s12889-015-2217-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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