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Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2015 Sep;44(9):397-405.

Causes and Rates of Unplanned Readmissions After Elective Primary Total Joint Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

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Surgical Arthritis Service, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY.


To address the lack of consensus on the leading reasons for readmissions after primary elective unilateral total joint arthroplasties (TJAs), we performed a systematic review and a meta-analysis to identify overall and cause-specific readmission rates. We performed structured searches of the Medline and Cochrane databases for original reports-published between January 1982 and January 2013-on both 30- and 90-day follow-ups of unique patient populations that underwent elective primary TJA. Random-effects meta-analyses were performed to obtain pooled estimates. For total hip arthroplasty (THA), the overall pooled readmission rate was 5.6% at 30 days and 7.7% at 90 days. For total knee arthroplasty (TKA), the overall rate was 3.3% at 30 days and 9.7% at 90 days. The leading reason for THA readmission was joint-specific at both 30 and 90 days, and the leading reason for TKA readmission was surgical site infection. Our systematic review and meta-analysis established baseline readmission rates in the literature on primary TJA and identified the most common reasons driving readmission for TJA.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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