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Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2016 Jan;22 Suppl 1:S119-22. doi: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2015.09.004. Epub 2015 Sep 3.

Non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease.

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Department of Neurology, Oregon Health & Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239-3098, USA. Electronic address:


With the growing awareness of the presence of non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD) has come the realization that these non-motor features play a tremendously important, and sometimes dominant, role in the management and even the diagnosis of the disorder. Despite this, a reluctance to formally address and treat the non-motor symptoms of PD remains and quality of life for PD patients suffers. This review provides an overview of the impact non-motor symptoms have on persons with PD, along with a brief description of some of the more common non-motor features of PD.


Nonmotor dysfunction; Parkinson's disease

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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