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Mol Cell Biol. 2015 Dec;35(23):3945-61. doi: 10.1128/MCB.00790-15. Epub 2015 Sep 14.

Identification by Random Mutagenesis of Functional Domains in KREPB5 That Differentially Affect RNA Editing between Life Cycle Stages of Trypanosoma brucei.

Author information

1
Center for Infectious Disease Research, Seattle, Washington, USA.
2
Center for Infectious Disease Research, Seattle, Washington, USA ken.stuart@cidresearch.org.

Abstract

KREPB5 is an essential component of ∼ 20S editosomes in Trypanosoma brucei which contains a degenerate, noncatalytic RNase III domain. To explore the function of this protein, we used a novel approach to make and screen numerous conditional null T. brucei bloodstream form cell lines that express randomly mutagenized KREPB5 alleles. We identified nine single amino acid substitutions that could not complement the conditional loss of wild-type KREPB5. Seven of these were within the RNase III domain, and two were in the C-terminal region that has no homology to known motifs. Exclusive expression of these mutated KREPB5 alleles in the absence of wild-type allele expression resulted in growth inhibition, the loss of ∼ 20S editosomes, and inhibition of RNA editing in BF cells. Eight of these mutations were lethal in bloodstream form parasites but not in procyclic-form parasites, showing that multiple domains function in a life cycle-dependent manner. Amino acid changes at a substantial number of positions, including up to 7 per allele, allowed complementation and thus did not block KREPB5 function. Hence, the degenerate RNase III domain and a newly identified domain are critical for KREPB5 function and have differential effects between the life cycle stages of T. brucei that differentially edit mRNAs.

PMID:
26370513
PMCID:
PMC4628071
DOI:
10.1128/MCB.00790-15
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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