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Phys Sportsmed. 2015 Nov;43(4):388-94. doi: 10.1080/00913847.2015.1084868. Epub 2015 Aug 31.

Physical activity training in US medical schools: Preparing future physicians to engage in primary prevention.

Author information

1
a Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami , 1120 NW 14th Street, Suite 1008, Miami, FL 33136, USA.
2
b Texas A&M University , College Station, TX, USA.
3
c Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney , Sydney, Australia.
4
d Exercise and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney , Sydney, Australia.
5
e Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London , UK.
6
f Lake Eerie College of Osteopathic Medicine , Bradenton, FL, USA.
7
g University of Miami , Coral Gables, FL, USA.
8
h University of South Carolina School of Medicine Greenville , Greenville, SC, USA.
9
i Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina , Columbia, SC, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Medical professionals serve as influential sources of information and guidance for their patients. Medical school may be an opportune time to provide future physicians with training in physical activity (PA) so that it can be more effectively addressed in clinical practice.

METHODS:

To assess the inclusion and amount of PA training in US medical school curricula, we attempted to conduct structured interviews with the program directors of the 171 accredited US medical education programs in the spring of 2013.

RESULTS:

Seventy-four schools (allopathic, n = 64; osteopathic, n = 10) completed the structured interviews. Fifty-eight programs (78.4%) reported having PA training included as a part of their curriculum. Thirty-five (61.4%) and 25 (43.9%) programs included instruction on national aerobic and strength training guidelines, respectively. Thirty-one programs (56.4%) felt that they offered a sufficient level of PA-related training for their students to successfully counsel their patients in the future. Over the 4 years of medical school, an average of 8.1 (± 9.8) h of mandatory PA training was offered.

CONCLUSION:

Though many medical schools report providing some level of PA content, the time dedicated for this training is still low in comparison to other topics, such as nutrition education, which are featured more prominently. New and innovative ideas are needed for the integration of more, higher quality PA training for our next generation of medical practitioners.

KEYWORDS:

Behavior change; exercise; medical education; physical activity; students; training

PMID:
26365470
DOI:
10.1080/00913847.2015.1084868
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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