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Cell Rep. 2015 Sep 29;12(12):2099-110. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2015.08.049. Epub 2015 Sep 10.

TCF1 Is Required for the T Follicular Helper Cell Response to Viral Infection.

Author information

1
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. Electronic address: tuoqiwu@gmail.com.
2
Department of Pathology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA.
3
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
4
National Cancer Institute (NCI), NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
5
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
6
National Institute on Aging (NIA), NIH, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.
7
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. Electronic address: pams@nhgri.nih.gov.

Abstract

T follicular helper (TFH) and T helper 1 (Th1) cells generated after viral infections are critical for the control of infection and the development of immunological memory. However, the mechanisms that govern the differentiation and maintenance of these two distinct lineages during viral infection remain unclear. We found that viral-specific TFH and Th1 cells showed reciprocal expression of the transcriptions factors TCF1 and Blimp1 early after infection, even before the differential expression of the canonical TFH marker CXCR5. Furthermore, TCF1 was intrinsically required for the TFH cell response to viral infection; in the absence of TCF1, the TFH cell response was severely compromised, and the remaining TCF1-deficient TFH cells failed to maintain TFH-associated transcriptional and metabolic signatures, which were distinct from those in Th1 cells. Mechanistically, TCF1 functioned through forming negative feedback loops with IL-2 and Blimp1. Our findings demonstrate an essential role of TCF1 in TFH cell responses to viral infection.

PMID:
26365183
PMCID:
PMC4591235
DOI:
10.1016/j.celrep.2015.08.049
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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