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Am J Infect Control. 2016 Jan 1;44(1):20-3. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2015.07.035. Epub 2015 Sep 11.

Knowledge, attitude and practice of health care providers toward Ebola virus disease in hotspots in Khartoum and White Nile states, Sudan, 2014.

Author information

1
Academy of Health Sciences Research Group, Federal Ministry of Health, Khartoum, Sudan. Electronic address: musabnoor946@live.com.
2
Academy of Health Sciences Research Group, Federal Ministry of Health, Khartoum, Sudan.
3
Academy of Health Sciences Research Group, Federal Ministry of Health, Khartoum, Sudan; Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Ebola virus disease (EVD) is an infectious disease associated with a high fatality rate. Health care providers (HCPs) are frequently infected while treating patients with suspected or confirmed EVD. Knowledge of, attitudes toward, and practices of HCP toward EVD, especially in hot spots, is an essential element to control the disease.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

In this descriptive, cross-sectional, health facility-based study, 258 HCPs were interviewed in different health facilities in hot spots in the targeted states, including district and federal hospitals and health centers, using a self-administrated questionnaire.

RESULTS:

The majority of respondents were house officers (40.7%), followed by nurses (26.4%). The remaining respondents were registrars, medical officers, and allied health professionals. All participants had heard about EVD. There were significant differences in the knowledge of doctors and allied health care providers regarding modes of transmission and clinical manifestations. Some false information, such as airborne transmission (53.1%) and insect transmission (20.2%), was reported by respondents. The majority of respondents (81.3%) claimed that they would treat patients with suspected EVD while taking a safe approach, 83.5% said they would notify health authorities about cases of suspected EVD, and 91.1% reported not attending any training sessions about EVD.

CONCLUSION:

The media plays an important role in increasing awareness about EVD. Regardless, however, researchers recommend more in-service training for HCPs to increase their knowledge about EVD.

KEYWORDS:

Ebola virus disease; Health care providers; Knowledge, attitude and practice; Sudan

PMID:
26364519
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajic.2015.07.035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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