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J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2015 Nov;24(11):2447-54. doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2015.03.011. Epub 2015 Sep 9.

The Development of Cortical Microinfarcts Is Associated with Intracranial Atherosclerosis: Data from the Chinese Intracranial Atherosclerosis Study.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Beijing Shi Ji Tan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
2
Department of Neurology, Beijing Tian Tan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
3
Department of Neurology, Beijing Tian Tan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Electronic address: yongjunwang1962@gmail.com.
4
Department of INI Stroke Center and Stroke Network, OSF Healthcare System, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Peoria, Illinois.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Little is known about the association between the cortical microinfarcts (CMIs) and intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS) in Chinese patients with ischemic stroke. This study was designed to analyze the association and evaluate the role of CMIs in clinical outcomes.

METHODS:

We evaluated 1421 consecutive patients who had experienced an acute cerebral ischemia within 7 days after symptom onset and evaluated the presence of CMIs and ICAS based on patients' 3.0-T magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance angiography scans. Baseline characteristics, patient risk factors, and clinical outcomes were analyzed to investigate the different outcomes between the CMIs (n = 209) group and non-CMIs (n = 1212) group.

RESULTS:

CMIs were present in 14.7% persons. The following parameters were associated with risk of CMIs: advanced age, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score on admission, lower level of systemic blood pressure, lower triglycerides level, ICAS, and cerebral microbleeds (CMBs). On multivariate logistic regression analysis, ICAS remained an independent risk factor for the development of CMIs (adjusted odds ratio, 1.493; 95% confidence interval, 1.022-2.182; P = .038). At the time point of 1 year after stroke, the rates of poor outcome (modified Rankin Scale, 3-6) in CMIs group (33.5%) were statistically significantly different from the non-CMIs group (22.6%; P = .001). In addition, patients in CMIs group had a significantly higher stroke recurrence rate than patients in the non-CMIs group (6.7% versus 4%; P = .085).

CONCLUSIONS:

The development of CMIs is strongly associated with ICAS. CMIs are independent predictors of poor prognosis in patients with ischemic stroke.

KEYWORDS:

Cortical microinfarcts; intracranial atherosclerosis; ischemic; stroke

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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