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Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2015 Nov;46(5):526-31. doi: 10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2015.07.012. Epub 2015 Aug 28.

Molecular epidemiology of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates in a university hospital in Nepal reveals the emergence of a novel epidemic clonal lineage.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal.
2
Department of Infectious Diseases, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, 1-21-1 Toyama, Shinjuku, Tokyo 162-8655, Japan.
3
Pathogenic Microbe Laboratory, Research Institute, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo 162-8655, Japan.
4
Department of International Medical-Cooperation, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo 162-8655, Japan.
5
Okinawa Institute of Advanced Science, Okinawa 904-2234, Japan.
6
Department of Infectious Diseases, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, 1-21-1 Toyama, Shinjuku, Tokyo 162-8655, Japan. Electronic address: tkirikae@ri.ncgm.go.jp.

Abstract

The emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii has become a serious medical problem worldwide. To clarify the genetic and epidemiological properties of MDR A. baumannii strains isolated from a medical setting in Nepal, 246 Acinetobacter spp. isolates obtained from different patients were screened for MDR A. baumannii by antimicrobial disk susceptibility testing. Whole genomes of the MDR A. baumannii isolates were sequenced by MiSeq™ (Illumina), and the complete genome of one isolate (IOMTU433) was sequenced by PacBio RS II. Phylogenetic trees were constructed from single nucleotide polymorphism concatemers. Multilocus sequence types were deduced and drug resistance genes were identified. Of the 246 Acinetobacter spp. isolates, 122 (49.6%) were MDR A. baumannii, with the majority being resistant to aminoglycosides, carbapenems and fluoroquinolones but not to colistin and tigecycline. These isolates harboured the 16S rRNA methylase gene armA as well as bla(NDM-1), bla(OXA-23) or bla(OXA-58). MDR A. baumannii isolates belonging to clonal complex 1 (CC1) and CC2 as well as a novel clonal complex (CC149) have spread throughout a medical setting in Nepal. The MDR isolates harboured genes encoding carbapenemases (OXA and NDM-1) and a 16S rRNA methylase (ArmA).

KEYWORDS:

16S rRNA methylase; Carbapenemase; Clonal complex; Molecular epidemiology; Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii

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