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Science. 2015 Sep 11;349(6253):1216-20. doi: 10.1126/science.aab3415.

Tuning of fast-spiking interneuron properties by an activity-dependent transcriptional switch.

Author information

1
MRC Centre for Developmental Neurobiology, Medical Research Council, New Hunt's House, Guy's Campus, King's College London, London SE1 1UL, UK. Instituto de Neurociencias, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas and Universidad Miguel Hernández, 03550 Sant Joan d'Alacant, Spain.
2
Instituto de Neurociencias, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas and Universidad Miguel Hernández, 03550 Sant Joan d'Alacant, Spain.
3
MRC Centre for Developmental Neurobiology, Medical Research Council, New Hunt's House, Guy's Campus, King's College London, London SE1 1UL, UK. Instituto de Neurociencias, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas and Universidad Miguel Hernández, 03550 Sant Joan d'Alacant, Spain. oscar.marin@kcl.ac.uk.

Abstract

The function of neural circuits depends on the generation of specific classes of neurons. Neural identity is typically established near the time when neurons exit the cell cycle to become postmitotic cells, and it is generally accepted that, once the identity of a neuron has been established, its fate is maintained throughout life. Here, we show that network activity dynamically modulates the properties of fast-spiking (FS) interneurons through the postmitotic expression of the transcriptional regulator Er81. In the adult cortex, Er81 protein levels define a spectrum of FS basket cells with different properties, whose relative proportions are, however, continuously adjusted in response to neuronal activity. Our findings therefore suggest that interneuron properties are malleable in the adult cortex, at least to a certain extent.

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PMID:
26359400
PMCID:
PMC4702376
DOI:
10.1126/science.aab3415
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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