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Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi. 2015 Jul;54(7):618-22.

[The changes in renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system in different subtypes of Cushing's syndrome].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Department of Endocrinology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.
2
Department of Endocrinology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China; Email: jingtaodou@sohu.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Cushing's syndrome is a clinical condition resulting from chronic exposure to excess glucocorticoid. As a consequence, long-term hypercortisolism contributes significantly to the development of systemic disorders by direct and/or indirect effects. The present study was to analyze the changes of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system in different subtypes of Cushing's syndrome on the standard posture test.

METHODS:

We retrospectively reviewed 150 patients with histologically confirmed Cushing's syndrome treated at the PLA General Hospital between 2002 and 2014. Among them, 128 patients were diagnosed as adreno-cortico-tropic-hormone (ACTH)-independent Cushing's syndrome, and 22 were ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome. All patients were undertaken the posture test. Plasma renin activity (PRA), angiotensin II, plasma aldosterone concertration (PAC) levels were measured before and after the test.

RESULTS:

Basal plasma PRA [0.5 (0.2,1.3)µg·L(-1)·h(-1), angiotensin II [(48.9±20.1) ng/L] and PAC [(285.0±128.1) pmol/L] levels were within the normal range in supine position. Compared with the subjects with ACTH-independent Cushing's syndrome, the basal PAC levels were higher in subjects with ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome [(348.0±130.4) pmol/L vs (274.2±125.0) pmol/L, P<0.05]. However, the PAC response in subjects with ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome [(49.7±26.4)%] was significantly lower than that in those with ACTH-independent Cushing's syndrome [(81.2±69.3)%] upon upright posture stimulation (P<0.05). There were no statistical significances in PRA and angiotensin II levels between the two groups. The basal PAC and PRA levels were positively correlated with ACTH, whereas PAC response was negatively correlated with ACTH.

CONCLUSIONS:

The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system activity in subjects with Cushing's syndrome was similar to that in normal control. The basal PAC level and its response to upright posture are differently associated with ACTH level in Cushing's syndrome.

PMID:
26359025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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