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Matrix. 1989;9(6):468-78.

Characteristics of the in vitro interaction of a small proteoglycan (PG II) of bovine tendon with type I collagen.

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Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque 87131.


Binding of the small dermatan sulfate proteoglycan of bovine tendon (PG II type/decorin-like) to type I collagen was characterized in an in vitro fibril-forming assay, using native collagen prepared from bovine tendon by acid extraction and radiolabeled proteoglycans synthesized by bovine tendon fibroblasts in culture. Substantial binding to collagen was noted for both intact small proteoglycan and core protein from which the glycosaminoglycan chain was removed. However, binding to collagen was minimal for free glycosaminoglycan chains or large proteoglycans. Binding of the small proteoglycan was optimal at approximately physiological conditions of salt concentration and pH. Scatchard analysis showed a binding affinity constant of 3.3 x 10(7) M-1 with 0.054 proteoglycan binding sites/collagen molecule, when about 0.25-6 micrograms proteoglycan was combined with 100 micrograms collagen. Binding to preformed fibrils of native tendon collagen and to pepsin-treated bovine skin collagen was similar to binding to native tendon collagen. Binding occurred in non-ionic detergents at concentrations up to 1% and once bound, the proteoglycan was not released by washing with up to 2 M NaCl. When both PG I and PG II small proteoglycans were added to collagen, only PG II was bound. This difference is not readily explained by differences in disulfide bond position. These studies indicate a strong, specific interaction between type I collagen fibrils and the core protein of the small (PG II) proteoglycan of tendon.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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