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PeerJ. 2015 Aug 20;3:e1208. doi: 10.7717/peerj.1208. eCollection 2015.

Adaptation of the Critical Care Family Need Inventory to the Turkish population and its psychometric properties.

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Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Nazilli State Hospital , Nazilli, Aydin , Turkey.
Department of Public Health, Ege University School of Medicine , Bornova, Izmir , Turkey.
Department of Medical Education, Ege University School of Medicine , Bornova, Izmir , Turkey.
Department of Medical Ethics, Uludag University School of Medicine , Gorukle, Bursa , Turkey.


In the complex environment of intensive care units, needs of patients' relatives might be seen as the lowest priority. On the other hand, because of their patients' critical and often uncertain conditions, stress levels of relatives are quite high. This study aims to adapt the Critical Care Family Need Inventory, which assesses the needs of patients' relatives, for use with the Turkish-speaking population and to assess psychometric properties of the resulting inventory. The study was conducted in a state hospital with the participation of 191 critical care patient relatives. Content validity was assessed by expert opinions, and construct validity was examined by exploratory factor analysis (EFA). Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used to determine internal consistency. The translated inventory has a content validity ratio higher than the minimum acceptable level. Its construct validity was established by the EFA. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the entire scale was 0.93 and higher than 0.80 for subscales, thus demonstrating the translated version's reliability. The Turkish adaptation appropriately reflects all dimensions of needs in the original CCFNI, and its psychometric properties were acceptable. The revised tool could be useful for helping critical care healthcare workers provide services in a holistic approach and for policymakers to improve quality of service.


Critical Care Family Needs Inventory; Intensive care; Patient relatives; Patient rights; Patient satisfaction; Psychometric properties

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