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Sante Ment Que. 2015 Spring;40(1):251-65.

['I'm worthless' and other forms of self-criticism: Current knowledge and therapeutic interventions].

[Article in French]

Author information

Centre hospitalier universitaire vaudois - Institut universitaire de psychothérapie - Lausanne.
Centre hospitalier universitaire vaudois - Service de psychiatrie générale et - Institut universitaire de psychothérapie - Lausanne.


Self-criticism is considered as a harsh or punitive evaluation of the self. It is omnipresent in culture, in daily life as well as in psychotherapy. Self-criticism can lead to question oneself but can also open new perspectives and guide us. However, it can become excessive, rigid, and might turn out to be deleterious. This present article focuses on the concept of self-criticism in clinical psychology and psychotherapy and aims to review current knowledge about this topic. First, its definition and the reasons for its development in individuals will be presented. Second, a description of the links between self-criticism and psychopathology will be made, in particular regarding depression. Finally, the third part of this article will be dedicated to the therapeutic interventions that can reduce self-criticism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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