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J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2015 Feb;15(2):1014-21.

Optically Detected Magnetic Resonance of Nanodiamonds In Vivo; Implementation of Selective Imaging and Fast Sampling.


Single-molecule fluorescence measurements of biological samples frequently suffer from background autofluorescence originating from fluorescent materials pre-existing in living samples, and from unstable photo-physical properties of fluorescent labeling molecules. In this study, we first describe our method of selective imaging of nanodiamonds containing nitrogen-vacancy centers, promising fluorescent color centers, by a combination of optically detected magnetic resonance. The resultant images exhibit perfect elimination of extraneous fluorescence in real-time microscope observations. As the practical example applied to an in vivo system, we measured the resonance spectrum of nanodiamonds introduced into the intestine of Caenorhabditis elegans in the clear background and compared the spectral profile over time. The observed evolution strongly suggests that the rotation of the nanodiamond was detected. We also report our recent progress in the development of a spectrometer equipped with an avalanche photo-diode for fast sampling of photons, which can be used while observing the selective image of a field of view in a real-time manner. This apparatus is suitable for exploring dynamics through the measurement of fluctuation in fluorescence intensity caused by a rotating nanodiamond.


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