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Invest Radiol. 2015 Nov;50(11):743-8. doi: 10.1097/RLI.0000000000000206.

Increased Signal Intensity in the Dentate Nucleus on Unenhanced T1-Weighted Images After Gadobenate Dimeglumine Administration.

Author information

1
From the *Department of Neuroradiology, University of Heidelberg Medical Center; †Department of Radiology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg; ‡Department of Psychology, University of Mannheim, Mannheim; and §Neurology Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to compare changes in signal intensity (SI) ratios of the dentate nucleus (DN) to pons and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) on unenhanced T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans between the first and last MRI using the linear gadolinium-based contrast agent gadobenate dimeglumine.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The study was approved by the ethical committee of the University of Heidelberg (S-324/2014), and written informed consent was waived due to the retrospective character of the study. Fifty patients who underwent at least 5 consecutive MRI examinations (plus an additional last MRI for reference) with the exclusive use of gadobenate dimeglumine were analyzed retrospectively. The difference of DN-to-pons and DN-to-CSF mean SI ratios was calculated on unenhanced T1-weighted images between the first and last examination. Results were compared with previously published data on gadopentetate dimeglumine and gadoterate meglumine.

RESULTS:

Signal intensity ratio differences for DN-to-pons and DN-to-CSF were significantly greater than 0 (pons: 0.0399 ± 0.0307, P < 0.001; CSF: 0.1439 ± 0.1524, P < 0.001). No control variable consistently predicted the SI ratio difference for the DN-to-pons and the DN-to-CSF ratio. Compared with previously published data, the difference in SI increase between gadopentetate dimeglumine and gadobenate dimeglumine was not significant for the DN-to-pons ratio (P = 0.906). In contrast, the DN-to-CSF ratio difference was significantly lower (P < 0.001) for gadobenate dimeglumine. Dentate nucleus-to-pons (P < 0.001) and DN-to-CSF (P = 0.017) ratio differences were both significantly higher for gadobenate dimeglumine than for gadoterate meglumine.

CONCLUSIONS:

The present study found an increase in SI in the DN after serial injections of gadobenate dimeglumine. Further studies are needed to clarify the potential of different linear gadolinium-based contrast agents to cause SI increase in the DN.

PMID:
26352749
DOI:
10.1097/RLI.0000000000000206
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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