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J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2015 Nov;154:254-66. doi: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2015.09.003. Epub 2015 Sep 5.

Increased androgen levels in rats impair glucose-stimulated insulin secretion through disruption of pancreatic beta cell mitochondrial function.

Author information

  • 1State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, 140 Hanzhong Road, Nanjing 210029, China; Key Laboratory of Human Functional Genomics of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing Medical University, 140 Hanzhong Road, Nanjing 210029, China.
  • 2Key Laboratory of Human Functional Genomics of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing Medical University, 140 Hanzhong Road, Nanjing 210029, China.
  • 3State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, 140 Hanzhong Road, Nanjing 210029, China; Key Laboratory of Human Functional Genomics of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing Medical University, 140 Hanzhong Road, Nanjing 210029, China. Electronic address: hanxiao@njmu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Although insulin resistance is recognized to contribute to the reproductive and metabolic phenotypes of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), pancreatic beta cell dysfunction plays an essential role in the progression from PCOS to the development of type 2 diabetes. However, the role of insulin secretory abnormalities in PCOS has received little attention. In addition, the precise changes in beta cells and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we therefore attempted to elucidate potential mechanisms involved in beta cell alterations in a rat model of PCOS. Glucose-induced insulin secretion was measured in islets isolated from DHT-treated and control rats. Oxygen consumption rate (OCR), ATP production, and mitochondrial copy number were assayed to evaluate mitochondrial function. Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion is significantly decreased in islets from DHT-treated rats. On the other hand, significant reductions are observed in the expression levels of several key genes involved in mitochondrial biogenesis and in mitochondrial OCR and ATP production in DHT-treated rat islets. Meanwhile, we found that androgens can directly impair beta cell function by inducing mitochondrial dysfunction in vitro in an androgen receptor dependent manner. For the first time, our study demonstrates that increased androgens in female rats can impair glucose-stimulated insulin secretion partly through disruption of pancreatic beta cell mitochondrial function. This work has significance for hyperandrogenic women with PCOS: excess activation of the androgen receptor by androgens may provoke beta cell dysfunction via mitochondrial dysfunction.

KEYWORDS:

Androgen receptor; Mitochondrial function; Pancreatic beta cell; Polycystic ovary syndrome

PMID:
26348137
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsbmb.2015.09.003
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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