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Front Microbiol. 2015 Aug 20;6:854. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.00854. eCollection 2015.

Presence of antioxidative agent, Pyrrolo[1,2-a]pyrazine-1,4-dione, hexahydro- in newly isolated Streptomyces mangrovisoli sp. nov.

Author information

1
Biomedical Research Laboratory, Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Monash University Malaysia Bandar Sunway, Malaysia.
2
Division of Genetics and Molecular Biology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
3
Biochemistry Program, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Abstract

A novel Streptomyces, strain MUSC 149(T) was isolated from mangrove soil. A polyphasic approach was used to study the taxonomy of MUSC 149(T), which shows a range of phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic properties consistent with those of the members of the genus Streptomyces. The diamino acid of the cell wall peptidoglycan was LL-diaminopimelic acid. The predominant menaquinones were identified as MK9(H8) and MK9(H6). Phylogenetic analysis indicated that closely related strains include Streptomyces rhizophilus NBRC 108885(T) (99.2% sequence similarity), S. gramineus NBRC 107863(T) (98.7%) and S. graminisoli NBRC 108883(T) (98.5%). The DNA-DNA relatedness values between MUSC 149(T) and closely related type strains ranged from 12.4 ± 3.3% to 27.3 ± 1.9%. The DNA G + C content was determined to be 72.7 mol%. The extract of MUSC 149(T) exhibited strong antioxidant activity and chemical analysis reported identification of an antioxidant agent, Pyrrolo[1,2-a]pyrazine-1,4-dione, hexahydro-. These data showed that metabolites of MUSC 149(T) shall be useful as preventive agent against free-radical associated diseases. Based on the polyphasic study of MUSC 149(T), the strain merits assignment to a novel species, for which the name S. mangrovisoli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MUSC 149(T) (=MCCC 1K00699(T)=DSM 100438(T)).

KEYWORDS:

DPPH; Streptomyces mangrovisoli; antioxidant; mangrove; novel taxa

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