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Clin Interv Aging. 2015 Aug 4;10:1233-43. doi: 10.2147/CIA.S84978. eCollection 2015.

Klotho, stem cells, and aging.

Author information

1
Charles and Jane Pak Center for Mineral Metabolism and Clinical Research, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA ; Department of Nephrology, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, People's Republic of China.
2
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, USA.
3
Methodist Hospital Research Institute, Weill Cornell Medical College, Houston, TX, USA.
4
Charles and Jane Pak Center for Mineral Metabolism and Clinical Research, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA ; Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, USA.

Abstract

Aging is an inevitable and progressive biological process involving dysfunction and eventually destruction of every tissue and organ. This process is driven by a tightly regulated and complex interplay between genetic and acquired factors. Klotho is an antiaging gene encoding a single-pass transmembrane protein, klotho, which serves as an aging suppressor through a wide variety of mechanisms, such as antioxidation, antisenescence, antiautophagy, and modulation of many signaling pathways, including insulin-like growth factor and Wnt. Klotho deficiency activates Wnt expression and activity contributing to senescence and depletion of stem cells, which consequently triggers tissue atrophy and fibrosis. In contrast, the klotho protein was shown to suppress Wnt-signaling transduction, and inhibit cell senescence and preserve stem cells. A better understanding of the potential effects of klotho on stem cells could offer novel insights into the cellular and molecular mechanisms of klotho deficiency-related aging and disease. The klotho protein may be a promising therapeutic agent for aging and aging-related disorders.

KEYWORDS:

Wnt; aging; cell senescence; klotho; stem cells

PMID:
26346243
PMCID:
PMC4531025
DOI:
10.2147/CIA.S84978
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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