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Compr Psychiatry. 2015 Oct;62:141-6. doi: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2015.07.006. Epub 2015 Jul 17.

Sensory phenomena related to tics, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and global functioning in Tourette syndrome.

Author information

1
Department of Child Neuropsychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bukyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan. Electronic address: kano-tky@umin.ac.jp.
2
Department of Child Psychiatry, The University of Tokyo Hospital, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bukyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan.
3
Course of Clinical Psychology, Graduate School of Education, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bukyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.
4
Disability Services Office, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bukyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.
5
Department of Forensic Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, 4-1-1 Ogawahigashi-cho, Kodaira-shi, Tokyo 187-8551, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Sensory phenomena, including premonitory urges, are experienced by patients with Tourette syndrome (TS) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The goal of the present study was to investigate such phenomena related to tics, obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS), and global functioning in Japanese patients with TS.

METHODS:

Forty-one patients with TS were assessed using the University of São Paulo Sensory Phenomena Scale (USP-SPS), the Premonitory Urge for Tics Scale (PUTS), the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS), the Dimensional Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (DY-BOCS), and the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) Scale.

RESULTS:

USP-SPS and PUTS total scores were significantly correlated with YGTSS total and vocal tics scores. Additionally, both sensory phenomena severity scores were significantly correlated with DY-BOCS total OCS scores. Of the six dimensional OCS scores, the USP-SPS scores were significantly correlated with measures of aggression and sexual/religious dimensions. Finally, the PUTS total scores were significantly and negatively correlated with GAF scores.

CONCLUSIONS:

By assessing premonitory urges and broader sensory phenomena, and by viewing OCS from a dimensional approach, this study provides significant insight into sensory phenomena related to tics, OCS, and global functioning in patients with TS.

PMID:
26343478
DOI:
10.1016/j.comppsych.2015.07.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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