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Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Dec;100(6):2198-205. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2015.05.119. Epub 2015 Sep 2.

Residual Stress Impairs Pump Function After Surgical Ventricular Remodeling: A Finite Element Analysis.

Author information

1
University of California, San Francisco, California.
2
Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California.
3
Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California; Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Francisco, California; Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California.
4
Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California; Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Francisco, California; Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California. Electronic address: mark.ratcliffe@va.gov.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Surgical ventricular restoration (Dor procedure) is generally thought to reduce left ventricular (LV) myofiber stress (FS) but to adversely affect pump function. However, the underlying mechanism is unclear. The goal of this study was to determine the effect of residual stress (RS) on LV FS and pump function after the Dor procedure.

METHODS:

Previously described finite element models of the LV based on magnetic resonance imaging data obtained in 5 sheep 16 weeks after anteroapical myocardial infarction were used. Simulated polyethylene terephthalate fiber (Dacron) patches that were elliptical and 25% of the infarct opening area were implanted using a virtual suture technique (VIRTUAL-DOR). In each case, diastole and systole were simulated, and RS, FS, LV volumes, systolic and diastolic function, and pump (Starling) function were calculated.

RESULTS:

VIRTUAL-DOR was associated with significant RS that was tensile (2.89 ± 1.31 kPa) in the remote myocardium and compressive (234.15 ± 65.53 kPa) in the border zone. VIRTUAL-DOR+RS (compared with VIRTUAL-DOR-NO-RS) was associated with further reduction in regional diastolic and systolic FS, with the greatest change in the border zone (43.5-fold and 7.1-fold, respectively; p < 0.0001). VIRTUAL-DOR+RS was also associated with further reduction in systolic and diastolic volumes (7.9%; p = 0.0606, and 10.6%; p = 0.0630, respectively). The resultant effect was a further reduction in pump function after VIRTUAL-DOR+RS.

CONCLUSIONS:

Residual stress that occurs after the Dor procedure is positive (tensile) in the remote myocardium and negative (compressive) in the border zone and associated with reductions in FS and LV volumes. The resultant effect is a further reduction in LV pump (Starling) function.

PMID:
26341601
PMCID:
PMC4799724
DOI:
10.1016/j.athoracsur.2015.05.119
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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