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BMC Genomics. 2015 Sep 5;16:682. doi: 10.1186/s12864-015-1884-7.

Transcriptomic responses to prion disease in rats.

Author information

1
Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, Centre for Prions and Protein Folding Diseases, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2M6, Canada.
2
Department of Biological Sciences, Centre for Prions and Protein Folding Diseases, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2M6, Canada.
3
Department of Medicine, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, 53706, USA.
4
Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, Centre for Prions and Protein Folding Diseases, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2M6, Canada. Judd.Aiken@ualberta.ca.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Prions diseases are fatal neurodegenerative diseases of mammals. While the molecular responses to prion infection have been extensively characterized in the laboratory mouse, little is known in other rodents. To explore these responses and make comparisons, we generated a prion disease in the laboratory rat by successive passage beginning with mouse RML prions.

RESULTS:

We describe the accumulation of rat prions, associated pathology and the transcriptional impact throughout the disease course. Comparative transcriptional profiling between laboratory mice and rats suggests that similar molecular and cellular processes are unfolding in response to prion infection. At the level of individual transcripts, however, variability exists between mice and rats and many genes deregulated by prion infection in mice are not affected in rats.

CONCLUSION:

Our findings detail the molecular responses to prion disease in the rat and highlight the usefulness of comparative approaches to understanding neurodegeneration and prion diseases in particular.

PMID:
26341492
PMCID:
PMC4560926
DOI:
10.1186/s12864-015-1884-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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