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J Occup Environ Med. 2015 Sep;57(9):1009-16. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000517.

Organizational Characteristics Influence Implementation of Worksite Health Protection and Promotion Programs: Evidence From Smaller Businesses.

Author information

1
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (Dr McLellan, Dr Nelson, Dr Allen, Ms Davis, and Dr Sorensen), Boston, Mass; Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health (Dr McLellan, Dr Cabán-Martinez, Dr Nelson, Dr Pronk, Dr Katz, Dr Allen, Ms Davis, Dr Wagner, and Dr Sorensen), Boston, Mass; University of Miami Medical School (Dr Cabán-Martinez), Miami, Fla; HealthPartners, Inc (Dr Pronk), Minneapolis, Minn; Brigham and Women's Hospital (Dr Katz), Boston, Mass; Tufts University (Dr Allen), Medford, Mass; and National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (Dr Wagner) (NIOSH/CDC), Washington, DC.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We explored associations between organizational factors (size, sector, leadership support, and organizational capacity) and implementation of occupational safety and health (OSH) and worksite health promotion (WHP) programs in smaller businesses.

METHODS:

We conducted a web-based survey of human resource managers of 117 smaller businesses (<750 employees) and analyzed factors associated with implementation of OSH and WHP among these sites using multivariate analyses.

RESULTS:

Implementation of OSH, but not WHP activities, was related to industry sector (P = 0.003). Leadership support was positively associated with OSH activities (P < 0.001), but negatively associated with WHP implementation. Organizational capacity (budgets, staffing, and committee involvement) was associated with implementation of both OSH and WHP. Size was related to neither.

CONCLUSIONS:

Leadership support and specifically allocated resources reflecting that support are important factors for implementing OSH and WHP in smaller organizations.

PMID:
26340290
PMCID:
PMC4582757
DOI:
10.1097/JOM.0000000000000517
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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