Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Waste Manag. 2015 Dec;46:430-9. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2015.08.039. Epub 2015 Aug 31.

Gaseous emissions from sewage sludge combustion in a moving bed combustor.

Author information

1
Department of Chemical Engineering and Food Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Trindade, Florianópolis, SC 88040-900, Brazil. Electronic address: batistella.luciane@gmail.com.
2
Department of Chemical Engineering and Food Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Trindade, Florianópolis, SC 88040-900, Brazil.
3
Campus Araranguá, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Rodovia Governador Jorge Lacerda 3201, km 35, 4, Jardim das Avenidas, Araranguá, SC 88906-072, Brazil.
4
Albrecht Industrial Equipments Ltd, BR-101, km 29, Pirabeiraba, Joinville, SC 89239-500, Brazil.

Abstract

Substantial increase in sewage sludge generation in recent years requires suitable destination for this residue. This study evaluated the gaseous emissions generated during combustion of an aerobic sewage sludge in a pilot scale moving bed reactor. To utilize the heat generated during combustion, the exhaust gas was applied to the raw sludge drying process. The gaseous emissions were analyzed both after the combustion and drying steps. The results of the sewage sludge characterization showed the energy potential of this residue (LHV equal to 14.5 MJ kg(-1), db) and low concentration of metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF). The concentration of CO, NOx, BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes) emitted from the sludge combustion process were lower than the legal limits. The overall sludge combustion and drying process showed low emissions of PCDD/PCDF (0.42 ng I-TEQ N m(-3)). BTEX and PAH emissions were not detected. Even with the high nitrogen concentration in the raw feed (5.88% db), the sludge combustion process presented NOx emissions below the legal limit, which results from the combination of appropriate feed rate (A/F ratio), excess air, and mainly the low temperature kept inside the combustion chamber. It was found that the level of CO emissions from the overall sludge process depends on the dryer operating conditions, such as the oxygen content and the drying temperature, which have to be controlled throughout the process in order to achieve low CO levels. The aerobic sewage sludge combustion process generated high SO2 concentration due to the high sulfur content (0.67 wt%, db) and low calcium concentration (22.99 g kg(-1)) found in the sludge. The high concentration of SO2 in the flue gas (4776.77 mg N m(-3)) is the main factor inhibiting PCDD/PCDF formation. Further changes are needed in the pilot plant scheme to reduce SO2 and particulate matter emissions, such as the installation of exhaust gas-cleaning systems. According to previous studies, the efficient operation of such cleaning systems is also effective for metals emission control, which makes the combustion of sewage sludge a feasible treatment method from both energetic and environmental perspectives.

KEYWORDS:

Combustion; Emissions; Energy; PCDD/PCDF; Sewage sludge

PMID:
26337961
DOI:
10.1016/j.wasman.2015.08.039
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center