Send to

Choose Destination
Integr Comp Biol. 2015 Nov;55(5):901-11. doi: 10.1093/icb/icv102. Epub 2015 Sep 3.

A Mathematical Model and MATLAB Code for Muscle-Fluid-Structure Simulations.

Author information

*Department of Mathematics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA;
Department of Mathematics, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA;
Departments of Biology and Mathematics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA


This article provides models and code for numerically simulating muscle-fluid-structure interactions (FSIs). This work was presented as part of the symposium on Leading Students and Faculty to Quantitative Biology through Active Learning at the society-wide meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology in 2015. Muscle mechanics and simple mathematical models to describe the forces generated by muscular contractions are introduced in most biomechanics and physiology courses. Often, however, the models are derived for simplifying cases such as isometric or isotonic contractions. In this article, we present a simple model of the force generated through active contraction of muscles. The muscles' forces are then used to drive the motion of flexible structures immersed in a viscous fluid. An example of an elastic band immersed in a fluid is first presented to illustrate a fully-coupled FSI in the absence of any external driving forces. In the second example, we present a valveless tube with model muscles that drive the contraction of the tube. We provide a brief overview of the numerical method used to generate these results. We also include as Supplementary Material a MATLAB code to generate these results. The code was written for flexibility so as to be easily modified to many other biological applications for educational purposes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center