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CNS Neurosci Ther. 2015 Oct;21(10):784-92. doi: 10.1111/cns.12449. Epub 2015 Sep 4.

The brain connectivity basis of semantic dementia: a selective review.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
2
State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning & IDG/McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.

Abstract

Semantic dementia (SD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the progressive loss of semantic memory and conceptual knowledge, coupled with asymmetric local brain atrophy concentrated in the anterior temporal lobe. Recent developments in neuroimaging techniques, especially the emergence of the "human connectomics," have made possible the study of the brain's functional and structural connections and the topological properties of the brain networks. Recent studies applying these techniques have shown that SD manifests extensive structural and functional connectivity alterations, providing important insights into the pathogenesis of SD and the neural basis of semantic memory in general. In this review, we present and discuss the existing findings about the brain connectivity changes in SD and how they might be related to the various behavioral deficits associated with this disorder and propose important unanswered questions that warrant further investigation.

KEYWORDS:

Connectomics; Functional connectivity; Semantic dementia; Semantic memory; Structural connectivity

PMID:
26336932
DOI:
10.1111/cns.12449
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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