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Neuron. 2015 Sep 2;87(5):932-45. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2015.07.032.

Non-invasive Human Brain Stimulation in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Primer.

Author information

1
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, Alexandra House, 17-19 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK.
2
Translational Neuroscience Program, Iranian Institute for Cognitive Sciences Studies, #18 Pezeshkpour Alley, Vali-e-asr Avenue, Tehran 1594834111, Iran; Neuroimaging and Analysis Group, Cellular and Molecular Imaging Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1416753955, Iran.
3
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, Alexandra House, 17-19 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK. Electronic address: vin.walsh@gmail.com.

Abstract

The use of non-invasive brain stimulation is widespread in studies of human cognitive neuroscience. This has led to some genuine advances in understanding perception and cognition, and has raised some hopes of applying the knowledge in clinical contexts. There are now several forms of stimulation, the ability to combine these with other methods, and ethical questions that are special to brain stimulation. In this Primer, we aim to give the users of these methods a starting point and perspective from which to view the key questions and usefulness of the different forms of non-invasive brain stimulation. We have done so by taking a critical view of recent highlights in the literature, selected case studies to illustrate the elements necessary and sufficient for good experiments, and pointed to questions and findings that can only be addressed using interference methods.

PMID:
26335641
DOI:
10.1016/j.neuron.2015.07.032
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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