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J Anesth. 2016 Feb;30(1):100-8. doi: 10.1007/s00540-015-2073-1. Epub 2015 Sep 3.

Effect of curcumin (Curcuma longa extract) on LPS-induced acute lung injury is mediated by the activation of AMPK.

Author information

1
Departments of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School and Hospital, 5 Hak dong, Gwangju, 501-746, Korea.
2
Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea.
3
Departments of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School and Hospital, 5 Hak dong, Gwangju, 501-746, Korea. nextphil2@jnu.ac.kr.
4
Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea. nextphil2@jnu.ac.kr.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Curcumin, a biphenolic compound extracted from turmeric (Curcuma longa), possesses potent anti-inflammatory activity. The present study investigated whether curcumin could increase 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activity in macrophages and modulate the severity of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury.

METHODS:

Macrophages were treated with curcumin and then exposed (or not) to LPS. Acute lung injury was induced by intratracheal administration of LPS in BALB/c mice.

RESULTS:

Curcumin increased phosphorylation of AMPK and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), a downstream target of AMPK, in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Curcumin did not increase phosphorylation of liver kinase B1, a primary kinase upstream of AMPK. STO-609, an inhibitor of calcium(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase, diminished curcumin-induced AMPK phosphorylation, but transforming growth factor-beta-activated kinase 1 inhibitor did not. Curcumin also diminished the LPS-induced increase in phosphorylation of inhibitory κB-alpha and the production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-2, and interleukin (IL)-6 by macrophages. Systemic administration of curcumin significantly decreased the production of TNF-α, MIP-2, and IL-6 as well as neutrophil accumulation in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and also decreased pulmonary myeloperoxidase levels and the wet/dry weight ratio in mice subjected to LPS treatment.

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that the protective effect of curcumin on LPS-induced acute lung injury is associated with AMPK activation.

KEYWORDS:

AMPK; CaMKK; Curcumin; LPS; Macrophage

PMID:
26335543
DOI:
10.1007/s00540-015-2073-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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