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Pediatr Emerg Care. 2015 Sep;31(9):611-5. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000000544.

A Prospective Pilot Study of the Use of Telemedicine During Pediatric Transport: A High-Quality, Low-Cost Alternative to Conventional Telemedicine Systems.

Author information

1
From the Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine, Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, DE.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Few trials address the use of telemedicine during pediatric transport. We believe that video conferencing has equivalent quality, connectivity, and ease of operation, can be done economically, and will improve evaluation.

METHODS:

Prospective randomized pilot study was used to examine video versus cellular communication between the medical command officer (MCO) and pediatric transport team (TT) for children with moderate to severe illness undergoing interhospital transport. Twenty-five patients were randomized to cellular communication, and 25 patients were randomized to video. The MCO completed a Likert scale to evaluate connection, quality, and ease of operation. Call durations were recorded. A Likert scale to evaluate the communication mode on patient care was completed.

RESULTS:

Connection and audio quality were equivalent and there were no dropped calls. Average call duration in the phone group was 186 versus 139 seconds in the video group (P = 0.055). The MCO survey results were the following: 100% found video intuitive, 92% felt that disposition based on phone report was difficult, 80% felt that video provided better understanding of patient condition, 70% felt that video assisted disposition, and 80% believe that video should be used for transport. The iPad system offers a significant savings when compared with conventional telemedicine.

CONCLUSIONS:

Video conferencing seems as easy to complete as phone with equivalent quality and connectivity. Duration of video was equivalent to phone conferencing. Surveyed MCOs believed that video conferencing improved assessment and disposition. The iPad-based conferencing provided significant savings when compared with conventional cart-based or robotic units. Further evaluation of video conferencing during interhospital transport is warranted.

PMID:
26335229
DOI:
10.1097/PEC.0000000000000544
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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