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Biochemistry. 2015 Sep 29;54(38):5815-27. doi: 10.1021/acs.biochem.5b00746. Epub 2015 Sep 11.

Determination of the Full Catalytic Cycle among Multiple Cyclophilin Family Members and Limitations on the Application of CPMG-RD in Reversible Catalytic Systems.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Colorado Denver , 12801 East 17th Avenue, Aurora, Colorado 80045, United States.
2
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado , Boulder, Colorado 80309, United States.

Abstract

Cyclophilins catalyze cis ↔ trans isomerization of peptidyl-prolyl bonds, influencing protein folding along with a breadth of other biological functions such as signal transduction. Here, we have determined the microscopic rate constants defining the full enzymatic cycle for three human cyclophilins and a more distantly related thermophilic bacterial cyclophilin when catalyzing interconversion of a biologically representative peptide substrate. The cyclophilins studied here exhibit variability in on-enzyme interconversion as well as an up to 2-fold range in rates of substrate binding and release. However, among the human cyclophilins, the microscopic rate constants appear to have been tuned to maintain remarkably similar isomerization rates without a concurrent conservation of apparent binding affinities. While the structures and active site compositions of the human cyclophilins studied here are highly conserved, we find that the enzymes exhibit significant variability in microsecond to millisecond time scale mobility, suggesting a role for the inherent conformational fluctuations that exist within the cyclophilin family as being functionally relevant in regulating substrate interactions. We have additionally modeled the relaxation dispersion profile given by the commonly employed Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill relaxation dispersion (CPMG-RD) experiment when applied to a reversible enzymatic system such as cyclophilin isomerization and identified a significant limitation in the applicability of this approach for monitoring on-enzyme turnover. Specifically, we show both computationally and experimentally that the CPMG-RD experiment is sensitive to noncatalyzed substrate binding and release in reversible systems even at saturating substrate concentrations unless the on-enzyme interconversion rate is much faster than the substrate release rate.

PMID:
26335054
PMCID:
PMC4801485
DOI:
10.1021/acs.biochem.5b00746
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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