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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1978 Oct;47(4):800-6.

Parathyroid hormone secretion in magnesium deficiency.


The effect of an acute elevation of the serum magnesium concentration on the concentrations of serum immunoreactive parathyroid hormone (IPTH) were studied in hypocalcemic hypomagnesemic patients, hyperparathyroid patients, and normal individuals. Basal serum IPTH concentrations in the hypomagnesemic patients ranged from undetectable to 3 times the upper limit of normal. All hypomagnesemic patients were observed to have an immediate rise in the serum IPTH concentration after magnesium administration regardless of the basal IPTH concentration. In contrast, normal individuals and patients with primary and secondary hyperparathyroidism responded to magnesium administration with either a decrease or little change in the serum IPTH concentration. These date indicate that an acute stimulation of PTH secretion induced by magnesium is characteristic of the magnesium-deficient state. The consistency of this response suggests that impaired PTH secretion is a significant factor contributing to the hypocalcemia of magnesium deficiency.

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