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Orthop Rev (Pavia). 2015 Jun 11;7(2):5792. doi: 10.4081/or.2015.5792. eCollection 2015 Jun 3.

Meniscal Root Tear Repair: Why, When and How?

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, CTO Hospital, University of Turin , Italy.
2
Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Mauriziano Umberto I Hospital, University of Turin , Italy.

Abstract

The integrity of the meniscal root insertions is fundamental to preserve correct knee kinematics and avoid degenerative changes of the knee. Injuries to the meniscal attachments can lead to meniscal extrusion, decreased contact surface, increased cartilage stress, and ultimately articular degeneration. Recent and well designed studies have clarified the anatomy and biomechanics of the medial and lateral meniscal roots. Although the treatment of meniscal root tears is still controversial, many different techniques have been described for root repair. The goal of this review is to summarize the existing knowledge regarding meniscal root tears, including anatomy, biomechanics and imaging. In addition, the most common surgical techniques, together with the clinical outcomes, are described.

KEYWORDS:

Meniscus; knee; repair; root; sports medicine

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