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Turk J Urol. 2013 Jun;39(2):101-5. doi: 10.5152/tud.2013.021.

Prevalence of enuresis nocturna among a group of primary school children living in Diyarbakır.

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Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey.
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey.



In this study, the prevalence of enuresis nocturna (EN) was investigated among primary school children living in Diyarbakır.


Five primary schools in the center of Diyarbakir and a village primary school were selected randomly. Four thousand and five hundred self-administered questionnaires were distributed to parents; 4300 were returned, and 4203 of these questionnaires were included in this study.


Of the children participating in the study, 52.2% of them were boys and 47.8% of them were girls. The mean age of the children was 8.66±1.61 (6-15) years, and the mean number of siblings was 4.03±2.06 (0-13). The prevalence of nocturnal enuresis was determined to be 25.9% (1087) among 4203 children, and it was more common in boys than in girls (27.8 and 23.7%, respectively). The rate of a positive family history in the nocturnal enuresis, and nonenuretic groups were 64.8, and 35.2%, respectively. The average number of siblings in the enuretic, and nonenuretic groups were 4.49±2.65, and 3.87±2.57, respectively Socioeconomic level of the families of enuretic children was worse than that of nonenuretic children. Enuretic children had episodes of bedwetting (92.3%) during night hours or both day and night (8.7 %).The number of bed wetting incidents per week was 4.1±2.2. A minority (5.7%) of the families believed that the condition resolved without any treatment.


Family history, a low socioeconomic level and an increased number of children were factors that increased the frequency of enuresis nocturna in our region.


Child; enuresis nocturna; prevalence; school-age

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