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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2015 Oct 9;466(1):138-45. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2015.08.122. Epub 2015 Aug 29.

PRDM14 maintains pluripotency of embryonic stem cells through TET-mediated active DNA demethylation.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Science, School of Science and Technology, Kwansei Gakuin University, 2-1 Gakuen, Sanda, Hyogo 669-1337, Japan; Research Center for Environmental Bioscience, Kwansei Gakuin University, 2-1 Gakuen, Sanda, Hyogo 669-1337, Japan.
2
Department of Biomedical Science, School of Science and Technology, Kwansei Gakuin University, 2-1 Gakuen, Sanda, Hyogo 669-1337, Japan.
3
Department of Biomedical Science, School of Science and Technology, Kwansei Gakuin University, 2-1 Gakuen, Sanda, Hyogo 669-1337, Japan; Research Center for Environmental Bioscience, Kwansei Gakuin University, 2-1 Gakuen, Sanda, Hyogo 669-1337, Japan. Electronic address: yseki@kwansei.ac.jp.

Abstract

Pluripotency and self-renewal of mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) depend on a network of transcription factors maintained by exogenous leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF). PR-domain containing transcriptional regulator 14 (PRDM14), is essential for maintenance of ESC self-renewal when the cells are cultured in serum plus LIF, but not in 2i medium plus LIF. Here, we show that pluripotency of ESCs is maintained by enforced expression of PRDM14 at a high level, as observed in ESCs in 2i plus LIF and developing primordial germ cells in the absence of LIF. Constitutive expression of PRDM14 represses de novo DNA methylation in pluripotency-associated genes, resulting in the maintenance of gene expression after withdrawal of LIF, while also repressing the upregulation of differentiation markers. Further, knockdown of Tet1/Tet2 and administration of base excision repair (BER) pathway inhibitors impairs the PRDM14-induced resistance of ESCs to differentiation. We conclude that, in the absence of LIF, PRDM14 governs the retention of pluripotency-associated genes through the regulation of TET functions in the BER-mediated active demethylation pathway, while acting to exert TET-independent transcriptional repressive activity of several differentiation markers.

KEYWORDS:

DNA methylation; Embryonic stem cells; LIF; PRDM14; Primordial germ cells; Self-renewal

PMID:
26325469
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2015.08.122
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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