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J Clin Oncol. 2015 Nov 10;33(32):3733-40. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2015.60.9107. Epub 2015 Aug 31.

Capecitabine Plus Oxaliplatin Compared With Fluorouracil/Folinic Acid As Adjuvant Therapy for Stage III Colon Cancer: Final Results of the NO16968 Randomized Controlled Phase III Trial.

Author information

1
Hans-Joachim Schmoll, Martin Luther University, Halle, Germany; Josep Tabernero, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Jean Maroun, Ottawa Regional Cancer Center, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Filippo de Braud, Istituto Europeo di Oncologia, Milan, Italy; Timothy Price, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; Eric Van Cutsem, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium; Mark Hill, Kent Oncology Centre, Maidstone, Kent, United Kingdom; Silke Hoersch, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Basel, Switzerland; Karen Rittweger, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Nutley, NJ; and Daniel G. Haller, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. hans-joachim.schmoll@uk-halle.de.
2
Hans-Joachim Schmoll, Martin Luther University, Halle, Germany; Josep Tabernero, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Jean Maroun, Ottawa Regional Cancer Center, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Filippo de Braud, Istituto Europeo di Oncologia, Milan, Italy; Timothy Price, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; Eric Van Cutsem, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium; Mark Hill, Kent Oncology Centre, Maidstone, Kent, United Kingdom; Silke Hoersch, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Basel, Switzerland; Karen Rittweger, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Nutley, NJ; and Daniel G. Haller, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To report the final efficacy findings and biomarker analysis from the NO16968 trial comparing bolus fluorouracil/folinic acid (FU/FA) with capecitabine plus oxaliplatin (XELOX) in resected stage III colon cancer.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

After curative resection, patients were randomly assigned to receive XELOX, as oxaliplatin 130 mg/m(2) on day 1 and capecitabine 1,000 mg/m(2) twice daily on days 1 to 14 every 3 weeks, or bolus FU/FA, as the Mayo Clinic or Roswell Park regimens, for 6 months. The primary end point was disease-free survival (DFS). Secondary end points included overall survival (OS).

RESULTS:

The intention-to-treat population comprised 1,886 patients (XELOX, n = 944; FU/FA, n = 942). Seven-year DFS rates were 63% and 56% in the XELOX and FU/FA groups, respectively (hazard ratio [HR], 0.80; 95% CI, 0.69 to 0.93; P = .004). Seven-year OS rates were 73% and 67% in the XELOX and FU/FA groups, respectively (HR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.70 to 0.99; P = .04). A total of 68% and 77% of patients who experienced relapse or a new colorectal cancer in the XELOX and FU/FA groups, respectively, received drug treatment for metastatic disease. Four hundred ninety-eight patients consented to the biomarker analysis: 242 in the XELOX group and 256 in the FU/FA group. Low tumor expression of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase may be predictive for XELOX efficacy; in the XELOX group, for high versus low dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase expression levels, DFS HR was 2.45 (95% CI, 1.55 to 3.86; P < .001), and OS HR was 2.75 (95% CI, 1.65 to 4.59; P < .001). In the FU/FA group, no statistically significant associations were observed between any tumor biomarker and outcomes.

CONCLUSION:

XELOX improved OS compared with bolus FU/FA in patients with resected stage III colon cancer after a median follow-up of almost 7 years. XELOX should be considered a standard adjuvant treatment option in patients with stage III disease. Tumoral dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase expression is a promising predictive, and potentially, highly clinically relevant, biomarker for XELOX efficacy requiring further prospective evaluation.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00069121.

PMID:
26324362
DOI:
10.1200/JCO.2015.60.9107
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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