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Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2015 Oct;21(10):1264-8. doi: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2015.08.006. Epub 2015 Aug 11.

The frontal assessment battery is not useful to discriminate progressive supranuclear palsy from frontotemporal dementias.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Philipps Universität, Marburg, Germany; Second Department of Neurology, Attikon University Hospital, University of Athens, Greece; Movement Disorders Department, Hygeia Hospital, Athens, Greece. Electronic address: mariastamelou@gmail.com.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany.
3
Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany.
4
Second Department of Neurology, Attikon University Hospital, University of Athens, Greece.
5
Department of Neurology, Philipps Universität, Marburg, Germany.
6
Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, UCL Institute of Neurology, London, United Kingdom.
7
Second Department of Neurology, Attikon University Hospital, University of Athens, Greece; First Department of Neurology, Eginition University General Hospital, University of Athens, Greece.
8
Department of Neurology, Philipps Universität, Marburg, Germany; Department of Neurology, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE), München, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The frontal assessment battery (FAB) has been suggested as a useful tool in the differential diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) from Parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy with parkinsonism (MSA-P). However, the utility of the FAB in the differential diagnosis of PSP from frontotemporal dementia (FTD) phenotypes is still under research.

METHODS:

We performed the FAB, in a multi-centre cohort of 70 PSP, 103 FTD (N = 84 behavioral variant FTD, N = 10 semantic dementia, N = 9 progressive non-fluent aphasia), 26 PD and 11 MSA-P patients, diagnosed according to established criteria. Patients were also rated with the mini mental state examination and motor scales.

RESULTS:

The FAB total score showed a poor discriminatory power between PSP and FTD as a group [area under the curve (AUC) = 0.523]. Moreover, the FAB score showed no correlation with disease duration in PSP (r = 0.05) or FTD group (r = 0.04). In contrast, we confirmed that the FAB is clinically useful to differentiate PSP from PD and MSA-P (AUC = 0.927). In fact, the sum of two FAB subscores together (verbal fluency and Luria motor series) were as good as the total score in differentiating PSP from PD and MSA-P (AUC = 0.957).

CONCLUSIONS:

The FAB may not be a useful tool to differentiate PSP from FTDs, and shows no correlation with disease duration in these disorders. On the other hand, the essential information to differentiate PSP from PD and MSA-P is contained in the sum of only two FAB subscores. This should be taken into consideration in both clinical practice and the planning of clinical trials.

KEYWORDS:

Frontal assessment battery; Frontotemporal dementia; Multiple system atrophy; Parkinson's disease; Progressive supranuclear palsy

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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