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Nat Nanotechnol. 2015 Nov;10(11):937-43. doi: 10.1038/nnano.2015.186. Epub 2015 Aug 31.

Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission.

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T.J. Watson Laboratory of Applied Physics, California Institute of Technology, 1200 E California Boulevard, Pasadena, California 91125, USA.
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91109, USA.


Metasurfaces are planar structures that locally modify the polarization, phase and amplitude of light in reflection or transmission, thus enabling lithographically patterned flat optical components with functionalities controlled by design. Transmissive metasurfaces are especially important, as most optical systems used in practice operate in transmission. Several types of transmissive metasurface have been realized, but with either low transmission efficiencies or limited control over polarization and phase. Here, we show a metasurface platform based on high-contrast dielectric elliptical nanoposts that provides complete control of polarization and phase with subwavelength spatial resolution and an experimentally measured efficiency ranging from 72% to 97%, depending on the exact design. Such complete control enables the realization of most free-space transmissive optical elements such as lenses, phase plates, wave plates, polarizers, beamsplitters, as well as polarization-switchable phase holograms and arbitrary vector beam generators using the same metamaterial platform.

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